The Most Crucial Japanese Lesson Yet!

General public transportation is huge in Japan. You are going to probably require to catch a bus at some stage. So, you will want to question concerns these kinds of as, “is this bus sure for Tokyo?” You’ll most likely also want to explain to individuals matters this kind of as, “I want to get off the teach at Nagano station.” Phrases and issues like these are the vital to acquiring about in Japan.

This Starter Japanese report is listed here to aid you! You will master how to question and remedy questions about where by you are attempting to go. Question Kono basu wa Tokyo-iki desu? (“Is this bus bound for Tokyo?”) and related concerns in Japanese. This Japanese post is the vital to acquiring the place you are headed!

Vocabulary: In this report, you are going to master the following terms and phrases:

waza waza – “using so considerably difficulties”

agaru – “to enter, to arrive up” (class 1 verb)

kaeru – “to go back again” (course 1 verb)

yuuhan – “night meal”

ekimae – “in front of the station”

umai – “tasty, delicious” (-i ending adjective)

uisukii – “whiskey”

koori – “ice”

hantai – “opposite”

kansha – “many thanks, gratitude”

shoojiki – “honestly, straightforward”

betsu – “different, an additional”

Grammar: In this short article, you may learn the adhering to words and phrases and phrases:

Useful Vocabulary and Phrases

yuuhan “supper, evening meal”

There are a number of words and phrases indicating “supper” in Japanese:





yumeshi (extremely informal and seems masculine)

banmeshi (incredibly informal and seems masculine)

Remember to also assessment “breakfast” and “lunch:”




asa-meshi (very informal and seems masculine)







hiru-meshi (really informal and seems masculine)

hantai “opposition”

When we include -suru or o suru , it results in being a verb this means “to oppose.” The opposite phrase is sansei, which implies “approval.” The particle ni follows the object a person opposes or agrees with.


Musume no kekkon ni hantai suru.

“I’m opposed to my daughter’s relationship.”

Modern Target Phrase

Tokyo ni kaetta.

“She went back again to Tokyo.

The verb conjugations that make the –ta sort of a verb, or the simple earlier kind of a verb, are present-day grammar position. The formation of the simple previous form is very basic: modify the ultimate sound of the –te variety from –te to –ta.

-ta Variety of Verbs

  1. Conjugate a verb to the –te sort. SEE Starter Series Time 4, Article content 19, 20, 21, and 22 for additional particulars.
  2. Fall the -te and incorporate –ta

“English” / Dictionary Kind / Te Form / Ta Variety

“to purchase” / kau / katte / katta

“to write” / kaku / kaite / kaita

“to converse” / hanasu / hanashite / hanashita

“to hold out” / matsu / matte / matta

“to die” / shinu / shinde / shinda

“to drink” / nomu / nonde / nonda

“to make” / tsukuru / tsukutte / tsukutta

“to swim” / oyogu / oyoide / oyoida

“to invite” / yobu / yonde / yonda

“to go” / iku / itte / itta

“to eat” / taberu / tabete / tabeta

“to return” / kaeru / kaette / kaetta

“to do” / suru / shite / shita

“to arrive” / kuru / kite / kita

Formal Speech and Informal Speech

Politeness Level / Formal Speech / Casual SpeechNon-Past Affirmative / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaerimasu. / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaeru.

Non-Past Adverse / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaerimasen. / Watashi wa Tokyo ni kaeranai.

Previous Affirmative/ Miu wa Tokyo ni kaerimashita. / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaetta.

Earlier Destructive / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaerimasen deshita. / Miu wa Tokyo ni kaeranakatta.


*Non-earlier dictionary type of a verb: See Nihongo Doojoo, “Design You and Beyond, Articles or blog posts 19, 20, 21, and 22,” for far more particulars.

*Non-well mannered earlier kind of a verb: See Starter Period 4 Article 23 for additional aspects.

*Please observe thatthe non-earlier plain destructive sort of a verb conjugates as -i ending adjectives to get the past type. Change the closing -i to katta.

For Illustration:

  1. kaeranai becomes keranakatta
  2. minai turns into minakatta

This grammar position has not been explained in the Nihongo Doojoo series however.

Apply 1:

Fill in the blanks to entire the chart.

Course 1 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Kind / Basic Negative Variety / -Te Form / -Ta Variety

“to hear” / kiku / kikanai / kiite / kiita

“to lend” / —- / kasanai / kashite / —-

“to wait” / matsu / —- / —- / —-

“to examine” / —- / yomanai / —- / —-

“to fully grasp” / —- / —- / wakatte / —-

“to go” / iku / —- / itte / —-

“to say” / iku / iwanai / itte / —-

“to meet up with” / au / —- / —- / —-

Course 2 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Variety / Simple Negative Sort / -Te Kind / -Ta Sort

“to snooze” / neru / nenai / nete / —-

“to search” / miru / —- / —- / —-

Class 3 Verbs

“English” / Dictionary Kind / Basic Detrimental Sort / -Te Type / -Ta Kind

“to do” / —- / —- / shite / —-

“to arrive” / kuru / —- / kite / —-

Follow 2:

Improve the formal speech to casual speech.

  1. Terebi o mimashita.
  2. Yhan o tabemashita.
  3. Nihon-go o benky shimashita.
  4. Kin Nihon ni kimashita.
  5. Wakarimashita.
  6. Mizu o nomimashita.
  7. Takush de ikimashita.